Als prominenter Kultort des Gottes Horus war der Tempel der Stadt Edfu ein landesweit bedeutendes Heiligtum. Edfu liegt am Westufer des Nils zwischen. Ägypten - Fotos und Informationen: Der Horus-Tempel in Edfu - Reiseberichte mit Bildern. Der Tempel des Horus befindet sich auf einer nord-südlich symmetrisch ausgerichteten Achse, auf der das Eingangsportal im Süden mit dem Allerheiligsten im. Isi later became a living god and was so worshipped during the Middle Kingdom. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edfu Temple. The online gambling casino usa part of the town which can be dated to the late Old Kingdom lies on the eastern part of the tell, not far from the Ptolemaic temple. Only the upper reaches of the temple pylons were visible bywhen liveticker bayern münchen heute temple was identified by a French expedition. The pyramid has been loosely attributed to King Huni of the Third Dynasty. The temple is often included on Nile cruise itineraries but can also be reached from Aswan or Luxor, by train or road. Local inhabitants 888 casino ohne einzahlung homes directly over the former temple grounds. Since the first excavations many free play slot machines bonus rounds have worked to understand Edfu temple. There is evidence that the town flourished during the First Intermediate Beste Spielothek in Adelshausen finden when it expanded extensively to the west. The current work focuses on the eastern part of the site. Its sculptures represent Rosellini, Monum. Edfu temple Elitepartner de Falcon Statue at Edfu I. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. Der Eingang der Anlage wird flankiert von Granitstatuen des verehrten Gottes. In seiner Form und in seinem Grundriss entspricht er dem klassischen Ideal-Schema eines ägyptischen Tempels, wie es z. Lange Zeit war der Tempel mit Sand überdeckt - zeitweise bis 3.liga heute live den Kapitellen, womit sein guter Erhaltungszustand zu erklären ist. Die Forscher sind sich aber sicher, dass sie nilwärts einen heiligen See, Vorratsspeicher, Stallungen, Küchen usw. Plötzlich skrill konto verifizieren meine Schwester laut los und weist auf ein Schild. Hinter dem Säulenhof liegt das Pronaos. Selbst Beste Spielothek in Krispl finden können heutzutage das Allerheiligste nur betrachten, aber nicht betreten. Letzterer aber auch nur zur Aufrechterhaltung der Ordnung, da der König ja nicht ständig überall sein book of ra hack v3.1.4f und die Riten trotzdem abgehalten werden müssen. Peter AlscherKümmersbruck. Jeder König bestieg danach in seiner Nachfolge des Horus den Pharaonenthron von Ägypten und so wird auch verständlich, dass der ptolemäische Herrscher mit einer Lanze vom Ufer aus in den Kampf horus tempel Götter eingreift.
Edfu is the site of the Ptolemaic Temple of Horus and an ancient settlement, Tell Edfu described below. Of all the temple remains in Egypt , the Temple of Horus at Edfu is the most completely preserved.
Built from sandstone blocks, the huge Ptolemaic temple was constructed over the site of a smaller New Kingdom temple, oriented east to west, facing towards the river.
The later structure faces north to south and leaves the ruined remains of the older temple pylon to be seen on the east side of the first court.
The remains of the ancient settlement of Edfu are situated about 50 m to the west of the Ptolemaic temple - to the left of the older temple pylon.
Although unassuming and unglamorous to the visiting tourists, Tell Edfu is a monument that contains evidence of more Egyptian history and is of more archaeological interest than the Ptolemaic temple.
Although major parts of the settlement show severe signs of erosion, cut away or have been exposed during sebakh -digging, enough is preserved to gain information from as far back as the Predynastic Period.
The remains of the settlement tell provides an insight into the development of Edfu as a provincial town from the end of the Old Kingdom until the Byzantine period.
The settlement at Edfu was the capital of the Second Upper Egypt nome, and played an important role within the region.
The oldest part of the town which can be dated to the late Old Kingdom lies on the eastern part of the tell, not far from the Ptolemaic temple.
There is evidence that the town flourished during the First Intermediate Period when it expanded extensively to the west. It is one of few settlements in southern Egypt that thrived when it seems that the north, especially around the delta, was in economic decline.
Today, the ancient mound of Tell Edfu is preserved in some areas up to 20 m high and contains complete archaeological sequences of occupation dating to the Old Kingdom until the Graeco-Roman period, more than years of history, therefore providing ideal conditions to study the development of a provincial town.
A central part of the site was explored by Henri Henne from the Institute for Egyptology in Lille in and His team identified the remains of a small sanctuary from the Late or Ptolemaic period, possibly the Osiris chapel built by Psamtek I.
The top layers of the settlement containing the Byzantine, Roman and Ptolemaic remains and the Old and Middle Kingdom cemetery at the southern western corner were recorded by a Franco-Polish mission in , directed by B.
Unfortunately, since mid no new detailed discoveries or thorough research has been completed at the tell except for recent work done by Barry Kemp, from the University of Cambridge.
The current work focuses on the eastern part of the site. So far the administrative centre of the ancient town has been discovered with remains of a columned hall dating to the late Middle Kingdom as well as a large granary courtyard that functioned as a grain reserve for this provincial capital.
Latter dates to the Second Intermediate Period 17th Dynasty. At least seven large round silos have been excavated here with a diameter between 5.
No larger remains dating earlier than the 5th Dynasty have been found at Edfu. The ancient cemetery comprised mastabas of the Old Kingdom as well as later tombs.
The entire area was called Behedet. The god Horus was herein worshipped as Horus Behedet. One of these mastabas belonged to Isi, a local administrator, who, it was quoted was the "great chief of the Nome of Edfu" in the Sixth Dynasty.
He was an administrator, judge, chief of the royal archives and a "Great One among the Tens of the South" [ref? Isi later became a living god and was so worshipped during the Middle Kingdom.
As the Sixth Dynasty and the Old Kingdom drew to a close, local regional governors and administrative nobles took on a larger power in their areas, away from the royal central authority.
The structure was built from rough reddish sandstone and rises to a present height of 5. The pyramid has been loosely attributed to King Huni of the Third Dynasty.
The purpose of these pyramids is unknown. Further investigations and a detailed survey are carried out by the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago since Ptolemy assigns Apollinopolis to the Hermonthite nome , but it was more commonly regarded as the capital town of the nome Apollopolites.
Its inhabitants were enemies of the crocodile and its worshippers. The ancient city derived its principal reputation from two temples, which are considered second only to the Temple of Dendera as specimens of the sacred structures of Egypt.
There are a number of chambers surrounding the sanctuary dedicated to various gods and the daily rituals of the temple, some having hidden chambers within their walls.
These rooms also contain the crypts, but they are undecorated and inaccessible to visitors. On the inner face of the northern enclosure wall is a beautiful set of reliefs depicting another important ritual celebrated at Edfu.
Since the first excavations many people have worked to understand Edfu temple. Serious ground-breaking studies have been undertaken in an attempt to clarify the complicated hieroglyphic texts which are now revealing so much about ancient Egyptian religion and mythology.
The Ptolemaic carving on the stone walls of Edfu temple, unread for two millennia is now considered by Egyptologists to be a vast and highly important source of knowledge of temple ritual and Egyptian history.
To the west of the temple is the huge mound of the ancient town site, Tell Edfu, which has been excavated periodically since the s. This is a settlement site which includes walls and building remains from the Old Kingdom through to the Late and Ptolemaic Periods.
One of the earliest walls found in situ dates to the First Intermediate Period, confirmed by red pottery bowls of the period.
During recent excavation seasons several large granaries have been found within the mound as well as a courtyard and a possible columned hall which may have been an important dwelling or administrative building.
The oldest cemeteries within Tell Edfu are to the south-west of the Temple of Horus and contain several Old Kingdom mastabas, including the mastaba of Isi, a Dynasty VI provincial governor, as well as more recent burials.
Several ostraca have been found in demotic and hieratic script, which give details of the administrative system of the town.
In the hills beyond the town are the tombs of the elite of Edfu but these are largely unexplored and not open to visitors.
A number of robbed oval graves have been found which are thought to be possibly from the Early Dynastic Period. The remains of one of seven small provincial step pyramids built along the Nile Valley, is situated about 5km north of Edfu near the west bank village of Naga el-Goneima.
The structure was built from rough reddish sandstone and rises to a present height of 5. The purpose of these pyramids is not known. How to get there.
The temple is often included on Nile cruise itineraries but can also be reached from Aswan or Luxor, by train or road.
The railway station is on the east bank and coaches often only stop on this side too. A taxi from Luxor takes around two hours and one and a half hours from Aswan.
As of visitors no longer need to travel as part of the police convoy. Tickets cost EGP Posted in Edfu , Upper Egypt Tags: Egypt , Temple of Horus , Upper Egypt.
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Please respect my personal text and photographs. Egyptian Monuments A detailed guide to the archaeological sites of the Nile Valley and desert areas of Egypt.
The Temple of Horus Of all the temple remains in Egypt, the Temple of Horus at Edfu is the most well-preserved and the only one we know to have been completed.
Nearby monuments To the west of the temple is the huge mound of the ancient town site, Tell Edfu, which has been excavated periodically since the s.
How to get there The temple is often included on Nile cruise itineraries but can also be reached from Aswan or Luxor, by train or road.
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